Information & Communications Technology (ICT)

ICT Industry: Development History
There is no other word to describe the ICT Industry in Nigeria, and by extension Africa in the last decade, than REVOLUTION. From a little over 200,000 fixed and mobile phone subscribers in 2000, Nigeria now ranks on top of the Mobile and Internet Users penetration in Africa and the fastest growth sector in the world, with an estimated mobile penetration of sixty percent of the population of over 160 million. Similarly across Africa, fixed lines grew from 9.2million in 2000 to 12.1million, but mobile grew from 16.5million to 648.4million by 2011, more than in the US and European Union, making Africa the fastest growing region in the world. Projected ICT expenditure is estimated to top US$180b by 2016. Such expenditures include expenditures on Computer hardware, software, services (consulting, systems integration, web hosting, data processing etc.), communication (voice and data), and wired and wireless communication equipment. Nigeria is estimated to control and increasingly attract about 20-30 percent of the Africa market, investment and expenditures. This is evidences by the presence of the major global players like Huawei of China, Nokia, Samsung and Apple with offices in Nigeria.
At the national level, the Nigerian Internet population has witnessed tremendous growth with a boost from less than 200,000 in 2000 to 2,418,679 users in 2005 to an estimated number of about 10million Internet users in 2008 and over 24million by 2010 thereby positioning Nigeria as one of the fastest growing Internet market in sub Saharan Africa. In the ten top ranked countries in Africa for Internet penetration, Nigeria is now second after Mauritius.
ICT in Governance
The phenomenal growth and development in information technology came with the new dispensation of democracy which started in 1999 with the liberalization of the telecommunication sector and approval of a national IT policy for Nigeria which birthed the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) to implement the policy. Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) now have their own websites. A framework for eGovernment has been developed but not fully deployed.
A central services portal is being tested with five MDAs by the new Ministry of Communication Technology ( This e-Government initiative involves the identification of key business processes in government MDAs in relation with service delivery to the general public, with the aim of automating these processes and for possible online delivery through the one-stop government portal. Other ICT achievements to facilitate e-Government include the adoption of IT shared services, establishment of chief technology officer cadre in civil service to bring efficiency into annual budget process for MDAs’ IT projects; independent programme management on systems integration projects above N100m; stimulation of local industry through government procurement (hardware, software, services) and central repository of all major government ICT projects. The newly established Ministry of Communication Technology has also proposed a National Broadband Plan, which was recently approved by the Federal Executive Council.
The Role of Government in Development and Regulation

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